Kindergarten Readiness: Academic Skills

the childrens house
This Children’s House student is working with quantities of 1s, 10s, 100s and 1000s.

What a child should know before starting kindergarten

Many kindergarten teachers and school districts across the nation recommend that your child have some basic academic knowledge, which is outlined below.  Considering each child’s growth is unique, and that the months separating a “young” and “old” kindergartener can be developmentally significant at that age, remember that these are suggestions.


  • Be able to recognize and count 1-10
  • Begin writing and copying numbers
  • Recognize colors
  • Recognize patterns
  • Understand more than/less than
  • Recognize basic shapes
  • Recognize units of time such as day, night, week, yesterday, today, tomorrow
  • Comparison: taller/shorter, bigger/smaller, heavier/lighter, etc.


  • Recognize and write their own name
  • Use clear sentences and express needs and wants
  • Able to listen to stories and navigate books correctly
  • Ask and answer questions
  • Recognize rhyming words
  • Recognize some of the lower- and upper-case alphabet, beginning to understand phonetic sounds
  • Able to say full name and birthday
  • Able to say parent/caregiver’s name and phone number
  • Recite days of the week and months of the year


  • Talk about weather
  • Use words such as night, day, sun, moon, stars, cold, hot to describe their environment
  • Notice and describe seasonal changes
  • Understand living and non-living (living things need food, water and air)
  • Describe how things are alike or different
  • Recognize parts of the body
childrens house alphabet big
This Children’s House student is using the moveable alphabet to make words.


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